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Forbesganj has a prestigious past but enshrouded in the midst of uncertainties. Many stories have been widespread about it.

Angas are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of the region. They are believed to inhabited in the area west of the river Koshi. During the Mauryan period this area formed the part of the Mauryan Empire and in the later times, the region formed the part of Gupta Dynasty.

Town owned a name from person Mr. Alexander John Forbes (1749-1819) whoJames Forbes was officer of British India Raj. Mr. Forbes was born in London and went to Bombay in 1765 as a writer for the East India Company. He remained there until 1784. A good draughtsman and a keen observer, he filled 52,000 manuscript pages with notes on the natural history, archaeology, and religious and social life of India; these were later digested into his Oriental Memoirs, published between 1813 and 1815. After his return to England he married Rose Gaylard (1788), and spent considerable time travelling on the Continent.

The closing years of Warren Hasting’s Indian career saw the real birth of English literature and literary studies in India. Hicky’s Bengal Gazette, the first newspaper of modern India, was founded at Calcutta by James Augustus Hicky in 1780. It was a scurrilous production, but a sign of life. James Forbes left India in 1784, carrying with him the collected materials which he afterwards published as his Oriental Memoirs. The book remains a universally valued document of the culture, flora and fauna of India at the time. Forbes also published a work in 1810 which advocated the conversion of Hindus to Christianity. (source: bartleby.com)

calicut_coast_by_james_forbes_1766During the British period, the region came under the control of East India Company. It is said that where Mr. Forbes Bungalow was located was called “Residential Area” which local people used to call as “R.Area”. Over a period of time, R.Area acquired the pronunciation “Araria” and so the name of this subdivision as “Forbesganj”.

 

Contribution to the freedom struggle

The history of freedom struggle in the district of Araria is golden. From first war of independence 1857 to August Kranti 1942, on every war sons of Forbesganj have contributed significantly to free the nation from the shackles of slavery. District residents are proud of their sons.

According to the pages of history when in 1857 the year of revolution, Indian troops fought against English guns in Nathpur of Araria district faced with bravery. Indian troops cross the Koshi river at Chatra Gaddhi in Nepal to support Begum Hazrat Mahal of Avadh. They move through forest valley route. However, many of horses and stuffs lost during the strong current of Kosi, but Major Richardson who was stand at opposite side couldn’t do anything.

Pandit Ramdeni Tiwari Dwijdeni has been considered as initiator of Freedom movement in the district. Army of fighters formed under Pt. Dwijdeni and Babu Basant Singh in the area, was always troubled to the British. Ram Lal Mandal belongs from village Bhodhar same district who was one of the assistant of Gandhiji. He participated in Dandi Yaatra(visit). His voice was very melodious and hence Gandhiji was fond of his recitation of Ramayana.

Fighters were not deterred under English regime’s suppression. Fighters in the district’s army and former senior fighters emerged Pt. Ramadhar Dwivedi, Kanhaiya Lal Verma, Kamala Nanda Biswas, Dhanusdhari Chowdhury, Harilal Jha, Nageshwar Jha, Buddhinath Thakur, Suryanand Sah, Phanishwar Nath "Renu" Bodhnarayan Singh, Ganesh Lal are few names. Freedom struggle were continued led by them. (Source : Jagran news)