Forbesganj has a
prestigious past but enshrouded in the midst of uncertainties. Many
stories have been widespread about it.
believed to be the earliest inhabitants of the region. They are
believed to inhabited in the area west of the river Koshi. During
the Mauryan period this area formed the part of the Mauryan Empire
and in the later times, the region formed the part of Gupta Dynasty.
owned a name from person Mr. Alexander John Forbes (1749-1819) who was officer of British
India Raj. Mr. Forbes was born in London and went to Bombay in 1765
as a writer for the East India Company. He remained there until
1784. A good draughtsman and a keen observer, he filled 52,000
manuscript pages with notes on the natural history, archaeology, and
religious and social life of India; these were later digested into
his Oriental Memoirs, published between 1813 and 1815. After his return to England he married
Rose Gaylard (1788),
and spent considerable time travelling on the Continent.
The closing years of Warren Hasting’s Indian
career saw the real birth of English literature and literary studies
in India. Hicky’s Bengal Gazette, the first newspaper of modern
India, was founded at Calcutta by James Augustus Hicky in 1780. It
was a scurrilous production, but a sign of life. James Forbes left
India in 1784, carrying with him the collected materials which he
afterwards published as his Oriental Memoirs. The book remains a
universally valued document of the culture, flora and fauna of India
at the time. Forbes also published a work in 1810 which advocated
the conversion of Hindus to Christianity. (source:
British period, the region came under the control of East India
Company. It is said that where Mr. Forbes Bungalow was located was
called “Residential Area” which local people used to call as “R.Area”.
Over a period of time, R.Area acquired the pronunciation “Araria”
and so the name of this subdivision as “Forbesganj”.
Contribution to the freedom struggle
The history of
freedom struggle in the district of Araria is golden. From first war
of independence 1857 to August Kranti 1942, on every war sons of
Forbesganj have contributed significantly to free the nation from the
shackles of slavery. District residents are proud of their sons.
According to the pages of history when in 1857 the year of
revolution, Indian troops fought against English guns in Nathpur of Araria
district faced with bravery. Indian troops cross the Koshi river at
Chatra Gaddhi in Nepal to support Begum Hazrat Mahal of Avadh. They
move through forest valley route. However, many of horses and stuffs
lost during the strong current of Kosi, but Major Richardson who
was stand at opposite side couldn’t do anything.
Pandit Ramdeni Tiwari Dwijdeni has
been considered as initiator of Freedom movement in the district.
Army of fighters formed under Pt. Dwijdeni and Babu Basant Singh in
the area, was always troubled to the British. Ram Lal Mandal belongs
from village Bhodhar same district who was one of the assistant of
Gandhiji. He participated in Dandi Yaatra(visit). His voice
was very melodious and hence Gandhiji was fond of his recitation of Ramayana.
Fighters were not deterred under English regime’s suppression.
Fighters in the district’s army and former senior fighters emerged
Pt. Ramadhar Dwivedi, Kanhaiya Lal Verma, Kamala Nanda Biswas,
Dhanusdhari Chowdhury, Harilal Jha, Nageshwar Jha, Buddhinath Thakur,
Suryanand Sah, Phanishwar Nath "Renu" Bodhnarayan Singh, Ganesh Lal
are few names. Freedom struggle were continued led by them.
: Jagran news)